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Citation Styles

This guide lists some major styles that are commonly used by various subject disciplines.

Introduction to IEEE citation style

IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) citation style is commonly used in technical fields specifically in the electronic, electrical and computing science. IEEE style is made up of three parts and they are as follow:

  1. The author’s name listed as first name (first initial) and last.
  2. The title of article, patent etc., in quotation marks.
  3. The title of journal or book in italics.

This guide provides a brief introduction to the IEEE style of referencing and citing. For detailed information on IEEE style, please refer to IEEE Reference Guide.

Reference list examples

Here are some referencing examples:

Material type Format Reference list
Books (Print)

[#] A.A. Author, Title of the published book. xth ed., Place of Publication City: Publisher, Year.

[1]    D. W. Hart, Power Electronics. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2011.

Example of a book with edition statement:

[2]    L. G. Carpenter, Vacuum Technology : Introduction, 2nd ed., Bristol: Adam Hilger, 1983.

Conference Paper (for paper presented at a conference)

[#] A. A. Author, “Title of paper,” presented at the Abbreviated Name of Conf., City of Conf., Abbrev. State, Country, Month and day(s), year, Paper number. [3]    G. W. Juette and L. E. Zeffanella, “Radio noise currents on short sections on bundle conductors,” presented at the IEEE Summer Power Meeting, Dallas, TX, USA, Jun. 22–27, 1990, Paper 90 SM 690-0 PWRS.
Datasets [#] Author, “Title.” (Date, Year). Distributed by Publisher/Distributor. (or if DOI is used, end with a period) [4]    S. Ansolabehere, M. Palmer, and A. Lee. “Precinct-level election data. V1.” January 20, 2014. Distributed by Harvard Election Data Archive. UNF:5:5C9UfGjdLy2ONVPtgr45qA==
Journal article with single author [#] A. A. Author, “Title of article,” Abbrev. Title of Periodical, vol. x, no. x, pp. xxx-xxx, Abbrev. Month, Year, doi: xxx. [5]    A. A. Smirnova, "On the capability of birds for symbolization," Biol. Bull. Russ. Acad. Sci., Article vol. 38, no. 9, pp. 878-884, Dec. 2011, doi: 10.1134/s106235901109007x.
Patents [#] A. A. Author, “Title of patent,” Country Patent xxx, Abbrev. Month, Day, Year. [6]    W. W. Black and A. Clavin, “Dipole augmented slot radiating element,” U.S. Patent 3594806, Jul. 1971.
Technical Reports [#] A. A. Author, “Title of report,” Abbrev. Name of Co., City of Co., Abbrev. State, Country, Rep. xxx, Year [7]    M. A. Brusberg and E. N. Clark, “Installation, operation, and data evaluation of an oblique-incidence ionosphere sounder system,” in “Radio Propagation Characteristics of the Washington-Honolulu Path,” Stanford Res. Inst., Stanford, CA, USA, Contract NOBSR-87615, Final Rep., Feb. 1995, vol. 1.
Websites [#] A. A. Author. “Page Title.” Website Title. Web Address (retrieved Date Accessed). [8]    Bat Conservation International. "Bat Conservation International." (accessed May 18, 2021).


Additional resources

For detailed information on IEEE style, please refer to the following online guide and resources: