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Citation Styles

This guide lists some major styles that are commonly used by various subject disciplines.

How to cite ChatGPT in IEEE Style

The general recommendation for citing AI tools in IEEE publications is that we should use the Software format in the IEEE Reference Guide (pp. 16-17).  Below is the Software format itself and an example of a citation to ChatGPT (Source: Email communication with IEEE on 5 Oct 2023)



J. K. Author. Title of Software. Date Repository or Archive. (version or year). Publisher Name. Accessed: Date (when applicable). [Type of Medium]. Global Persistent Identifier. Available: site/path/file


ChatGPT. (GPT-4). OpenAI. Accessed: Sep. 26, 2023. [Online]. Available:


Note: Check assignment instructions and clarify if and to what extent are AI tools permitted. Any permitted use of AI for assessment / assignment must be acknowledged appropriately.