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Citation Styles

This guide lists some major styles that are commonly used by various subject disciplines.

Introduction to Modern Language Association

MLA (Modern Language Association) Style is widely used in the humanities, especially in literature.  The Modern Language Association of America (MLA) is the publisher of the MLA Style manual. Typically, components include in-text citations and the Works Cited list.  Do consult the Library's copy of the MLA Handbook or the online MLA Style Center for details.

In-text citation and references examples

If you use the MLA style, you must include a Works Cited page at the end of your research paper.
The following examples are in the MLA Style (9th edition):


Works Cited Format

Book by one author

Meyer, Erin. The Culture Map: Breaking through the Invisible Boundaries of Global Business. PublicAffairs, 2014.


Edited book

Kirszner, Laurie G., and Stephen R. Mandell, editors. Literature: Reading, Reacting, Writing.  Compact 9th

     ed.*, Cengage Learning, 2017.


Scholarly ejournal in database

Hannah, Daniel K. “The Private Life, the Public Stage: Henry James in Recent Fiction.” Journal of Modern Literature, vol. 30,

      no. 3, 2007, pp. 70–94. JSTOR,  


Image artwork from a database

Katsushika Hokusai. The Great Wave off Kanagawa (Kanagawa oki nami ura), from the series

"Thirty-six  Views of Mount Fuji (Fugaku sanjurokkei)". 1826-1836. Artstor,


Article on a website

Yong, Clement. “Singapore’s Hawker Culture Added to Unesco List of Intangible Cultural Heritage.”

The Straits Times, 16 Dec. 2020. The Straits Times,



Poem from an anthology

Jonson, Ben. "To the Memory of My Beloved, the Author Mr. William Shakespeare." The Norton Anthology of Poetry, edited by Alexander Allison et al., 3rd Edition, New York Norton, 1983, pp. 239-40.

Additional Resources