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Open Science & Research Services: Open Science

Video

Open Science: Michael Nielsen at TEDxWaterloo

Listen to Michael Nielsen, one of the pioneers of quantum computation, on his take on open science collaboration - why some flourished and others fizzled out, as well as his aspirations for the open science community.

Open Science Tweets

What is Open Science?

"Open science is the practice of science in such a way that others can collaborate and contribute, where research data, lab notes and other research processes are freely available, under terms that enable reuse, redistribution and reproduction of the research and its underlying data and methods. In a nutshell, open science is transparent and accessible knowledge that is shared and developed through collaborative networks" (Vicente-Sáez and Martínez-Fuentes, 2018, The Open Science Training Handbook.)
 

Open science, or used interchangeably for open research encompasses the following:

  • Open methods
  • FAIR data
  • Open codes
  • Open access
  • Open educational resources
  • Open infrastructures

Why Open Science?

Open Science helps to increase rigour, accountability, and reproducibility for research. It is based on the principles of inclusion, fairness, equity, and sharing, and ultimately seeks to change the way research is done, who is involved and how it is valued.

How to Engage in Open Science?

There are various channels or tools with which the research community can engage in open science at various stages of the research lifecycle:
                                                        

Kramer, Bianca, & Bosman, Jeroen. (2018, January). Rainbow of open science practices. Zenodo. 

Global Movements

The UNESCO Recommendation on Open Science was adopted by Member States in November 2021. Recommendations include:


i. promoting  a  common  understanding  of  open  science,  associated  benefits and challenges, as well as diverse paths to open science;

ii. developing an enabling policy environment for open science;

iii. investing in open science infrastructures and services;

iv. investing  in  human  resources,  training,  education,  digital  literacy  and capacity building for open science;

v. fostering a culture of open science and aligning incentives for open science;

vi. promoting  innovative  approaches  for  open  science  at  different  stages of the scientific process;  

vii. promoting international and multi-stakeholder cooperation in the context of open science and with view to reducing digital,  technological and knowledge gaps.
 

The European Union has adopted open science as the official framework for research in higher education (EU Open Science Policy). It is believed that open science will lead to research that is:

  • More reliable: responsible, reproducible research
  • More efficient: collaborate, co-design, co-create
  • More accessible: open access to publications; FAIR data
  • More relevant to society: public engagement
     

In January 2021, the OECD Council adopted a revised Recommendation on access to Research Data from Public Funding. The expanded scope covers research data, metadata, algorithms, workflows, models, and software (including code).

NTU and Open Access/Open Data

NTU endorses the principles of open access and expects faculty, staff and higher degree students by research to make their research publications and theses open access (NTU Open Access Policy).

In addition, the University requires non-sensitive final research data to be made available at the institutional data repository, DR-NTU (Data), and/or an external open access data repository (NTU Research Data Policy).

Learning Resources

Tools and Platforms

Code collaboration and project management

Collaborative writing and publishing

Learning resources on reproducible research