Open Science: Michael Nielsen at TEDxWaterloo
Listen to Michael Nielsen, one of the pioneers of quantum computation, on his take on open science collaboration - why some flourished and others fizzled out, as well as his aspirations for the open science community.
"Open science is the practice of science in such a way that others can collaborate and contribute, where research data, lab notes and other research processes are freely available, under terms that enable reuse, redistribution and reproduction of the research and its underlying data and methods. In a nutshell, open science is transparent and accessible knowledge that is shared and developed through collaborative networks" (Vicente-Sáez and Martínez-Fuentes, 2018, The Open Science Training Handbook.)
Open science, or used interchangeably for open research encompasses the following:
There are various channels or tools with which the research community can engage in open science at various stages of the research lifecycle:
Kramer, Bianca, & Bosman, Jeroen. (2018, January). Rainbow of open science practices. Zenodo.
The UNESCO Recommendation on Open Science was adopted by Member States in November 2021. Recommendations include:
i. promoting a common understanding of open science, associated benefits and challenges, as well as diverse paths to open science;
ii. developing an enabling policy environment for open science;
iii. investing in open science infrastructures and services;
iv. investing in human resources, training, education, digital literacy and capacity building for open science;
v. fostering a culture of open science and aligning incentives for open science;
vi. promoting innovative approaches for open science at different stages of the scientific process;
vii. promoting international and multi-stakeholder cooperation in the context of open science and with view to reducing digital, technological and knowledge gaps.
The European Union has adopted open science as the official framework for research in higher education (EU Open Science Policy). It is believed that open science will lead to research that is:
In January 2021, the OECD Council adopted a revised Recommendation on access to Research Data from Public Funding. The expanded scope covers research data, metadata, algorithms, workflows, models, and software (including code).
NTU endorses the principles of open access and expects faculty, staff and higher degree students by research to make their research publications and theses open access (NTU Open Access Policy).
In addition, the University requires non-sensitive final research data to be made available at the institutional data repository, DR-NTU (Data), and/or an external open access data repository (NTU Research Data Policy).
Code collaboration and project management
Collaborative writing and publishing