The information in the report has to be organised in the best possible way for the reader to understand the issue being investigated, analysis of the findings and recommendations or implications that relate directly to the findings.
Given below are the main sections of a standard report. Click on each section heading to learn more about it.
The title page should also have the name of the person who authored the report and the date of completion of the report.
You can write the abstract later, after writing the other sections and you know the key points to draw out from these sections. Abstracts allow readers who may be interested in the report to decide whether it is relevant to their purposes.
The introduction lays the foundation for understanding the research problem and should be written in a way that leads the reader from the general subject area of the topic to the particular topic of research.
Search the existing literature for information. Identify the data pertinent to your topic. Review, extract and summarise the information. Analyse how your study relates to the available literature. Keep a record of the source details of any information you want to use in your report so that you can reference them accurately. Refer the Research101: Literature Review guide to find out more about literature review.
Methodology is the approach that you take to gather data and arrive at the recommendation. Choose a method appropriate for the research topic and explain it in detail. Some examples of the different methods that you can use to gather data are given below. The data collected provides evidence to build your arguments. Collect data, integrate the findings and perspectives from different studies and add your own analysis of its feasibility.
Recommendations should have an innovative approach and should be feasible. It should make a significant difference in solving the issue under discussion.
Include any material relating to the report and research that does not fit in the body of the report, in the appendix. For example, you may include survey questionnaire and results in the appendix.