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Electrical & Electronic Engineering: EEE Citation styles

This guide provides an overview of the key resources in EEE

IEEE citation style

One of the popular citation styles used in EEE is the IEEE citation style. 

It is a numbered style with two components:

1. In-text references where references are numbered [1] in the order of appearance in the article

2. A reference list, displayed at the end of the article, provides full details of all references cited in the text. The references are ordered as they appear in the text. (In the order of citation, not in alphabetical order). Please note that the IEEE style has variations as well.

Some examples of references in IEEE citation style are given  below


Author(s) First name or initials. Surname, or name of organization, Title of book followed by a full stop if there is no edition statement, or comma if there is an edition statement, ed., Edition (except the first). Place of Publication City: Publisher, Year of Publication.

[1] C. W. Lander, Power Electronics, 3rd. ed., London: McGraw-Hill, 1993.

Conference papers

[2] Author(s) First name or initials. Surname, “Title of paper,” in Title of the Conference, Editor/s first name last name if available, Ed. Place of publication: Publisher if available, Date of publication, pp. first and last pages of the paper.

A. H. Cookson and B. O. Pedersen, “Thermal measurements in a 1200kV compressed gas insulated transmission line,” in Seventh IEEE Power Engineering Society Transmission and Distribution Conference and Exposition, 1979, pp. 163-167.

Journal articles

Author(s) First name or initials. Surname, “Title of article,” Title of journal, vol. volume, (issue number), pp. first and last pages of the article, Date of issue month if available year.

[3] K. P. Dabke and K. M. Thomas, “Expert system guidance for library users,” Library Hi Tech, vol. 10, (1-2), pp. 53-60, 1992.

EEE FYP citation style

Preparing for your final year project? Check out the citation style for FYP, specified by the school of EEE in the Student Guidelines, Appendix A.

Examples from the guidelines for citing different types of references are given below.

Each reference, be it from a journal, text book or conference proceedings, should be listed consistently, as in the example below.

(a) Breuer, M A, and Friedman, A, Diagnosis and Reliable Design of Digital Systems, Computer Science Press, Potomac Md, 1976.

(b) Wakerly, J F, 'Microcomputer reliability improvement using triple-modular redundancy', Proceedings of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, Vol. 64, No 3, March, pp 889- 895, 1976.

(c) Hata, M, Kinoshita, K, and Hirade, K, 'Evaluation of diversity effects on mobile radio system design', The Transactions of IECE of Japan, Vol. 64, No 5, May, pp 31-33, 1981.

(d) Comer, D J, Digital Logic and State Machine Design, 2nd ed. San Francisco, Saunders (HRW), section 7.1B, 1990. (e) Mano, M M, Computer Engineering Hardware Design. New York: Prentice-Hall, sections 5.2 and 5.3, ch. 7, 1988.

(f) Tanenbaum, A S, Structured Computer Organization, 3rd ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, section 4.2.1, 1990.

(g) PAL Device Data Book, Advanced Micro Devices, 1990.

Have you heard of EndNote?

EndNote is a software tool that can help you organizes and formats bibliographies and figure lists for your project report/scientific paper/thesis/dissertation.

For EndNote tutorials, FAQS, and to download EndNote and/or to register for the EndNote workshops conducted by the library click here.